Show MoreEveryone thinks intelligence is being smart and that it is inherited, but what if intelligence also refers to skill? Each person is embodied with intelligence, but it might not be the intelligence that you see in school by form of tests. If you can’t see these intelligences by tests; then how do you know if you have an intelligence? According to the website Multiple Intelligence (MI)-Howard Gardner (2014), Howard Gardner is the man who came up with the idea of multiple intelligences and he describes intelligence as “the ability to create an effective product or offer service that is valued in a culture,” while the traditional definition as from Merriam-Webster dictionary (2014) defines intelligence as “the ability to learn or understand…show more content…
Existential is one of the intelligences that hasn’t been added to the list yet due to the little evidence found so far. Armstrong(2009) states that Gardner defines Existential intelligence as “a concern with ultimate life issues,” while Allan and Shearer(2012) go into what Gardner defines in more detail with that it is the tendency to explore the fundamental concerns of human existence plus having the capacity to engage in a meaning-making process that locates oneself in the respect of life’s issues(pg. 21). Mainly, it is the discipline of philosophy according to Multiple Intelligence (MI)-Howard Garner (2014); then Existential Intelligence for Strategic Leadership(2014) agrees with that by describing it as a “philosophical movement in which individual are understood as having full responsibility for creating the meanings of their own lives”(pg. 3). The main problem with Existential intelligence is that it pertains to deriving meaning from their lives, assigning values to each meaning, and figuring how to apply that to their life. Since cultures differ for everyone, they value everything in a different matter too, making it hard to measure Existential intelligence at all. Hopefully with more exploring and researching, Existential intelligence will become less confusing and begin helping people understand life in a whole. Smith (2008) says Gardner even found Existential intelligence a bit complex and distant from the other eight, which is why
The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences
If you have heard the phrase “intelligence” you have probably thought about IQ testing. We often define intelligence as our intellectual potential, that which we had at birth, which could be measured and which cannot really be changed. But recent years have presented other views to intelligence and specifically that of the Harvard psychologist named Howard Gardner. He produced the theory of multiple intelligences which suggests that our traditional view of intelligence is far too limited.
His book on multiple intelligences was produced in 1983 and it suggested that there are eight different intelligences and that people can have one of these eight, and are not confined to having just one type of intelligence. In order to appreciate the full range of intelligences that people have, not just their intellectual capacity, he notes the eight theories of intelligence which include musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, linguistic intelligence, and spatial-visual intelligence. Someone might be strong in intelligence such as musical intelligence, but also be strong in naturalistic intelligence too.
Musical intelligence has to do with a high sensitivity to music. People with this intelligence often have perfect pitch. Visual spatial is another intelligence that deals specifically with the ability to spatially judge things and visualize things in the eye. Verbal linguistic is another intelligence which deals with words and languages. People with this ability can tell stories and memorize dates and are good at reading and writing. Logical mathematical intelligence has to do with understanding logic and the underlying principles therein. Bodily kinaesthetic intelligence has to do with the kinaesthetic control of your motions. Interpersonal intelligence has to do with the ability to interact with others. This person would be sensitive to the feelings and motivation s of others.
Intrapersonal intelligence has to do with self-reflective capacities and having a deep understanding of personal strengths and weaknesses to the point of being able to predict one’s reactions or emotions. Naturalistic intelligence concerns itself with nurturing and the ability to relate information from the surroundings. It is an ecological receptiveness as well that is rooted in a holistic understanding of the world.
This theory of multiple intelligences has come under criticism from educators and psychologists who claim that it is too broad and that it merely represents abilities, talents, and personal traits. In spite of this criticism, this theory has become widely popular among other educators who view in their classroom a range of intelligences that are not IQ based. They have begun to integrate this theory into the classroom and used it to cultivate their teaching.